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Avidity of anti-P aeruginosaantibodies during chronic infection in patients with cystic fibrosis
  1. Oana Ciofua,
  2. Tine D Petersena,
  3. Per Jensena,
  4. Niels Høibya,b
  1. aInstitute of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, bDepartment of Clinical Microbiology, Danish Cystic Fibrosis Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
  1. Dr O Ciofu, Panum Institute, IMMI 24.1, Blegdamsvej 3, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark.


BACKGROUND In order to study the impact on the lung function of patients with cystic fibrosis of the avidity of antipseudomonal antibodies, the avidity of antibodies against the chromosomal β-lactamase ofPseudomonas aeruginosa (aβab) and against the 60–65 kDa heat shock protein of P aeruginosa (anti-GroEL) were measured in serum samples collected longitudinally during chronic infection with P aeruginosa from a group of patients with poor and good lung function.

METHODS The thiocyanate elution method in which the molarity of potassium thiocyanate required to elute 50% bound antibody under conditions of antigen excess in ELISA was used to measure the relative avidity.

RESULTS All patients developed increasing levels of aβab and anti-GroEL antibodies during the follow up period but no maturation of the avidity of these antibodies was observed. In patients with good lung function the avidity of aβab was higher than in patients with poor lung function (p = 0.018). No significant difference in the avidity of the anti-GroEL antibodies was observed between the two groups of patients.

CONCLUSION In patients with cystic fibrosis a high avidity of aβab could contribute to a more efficient inhibition of the β-lactamase by these antibodies, resulting in the better lung function seen in this group. The immunopathological implication of the failure in avidity maturation of antibodies in chronic infection is discussed.

  • antibody avidity
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • cystic fibrosis

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