Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Effects of inhaled lignocaine and adrenaline on capsaicin-induced cough in humans.
  1. L Hansson,
  2. B Midgren,
  3. J A Karlsson
  1. Department of Lung Medicine, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.


    BACKGROUND--The hypothesis that adrenaline can augment and/or prolong the antitussive effect of nebulised lignocaine was examined. METHODS--The effect of inhaled lignocaine alone (20 mg) and in combination with adrenaline (400 micrograms) was studied on capsaicin-induced cough in 10 healthy subjects. RESULTS--Cough was significantly reduced between five and 25 minutes by lignocaine. Adrenaline alone had no inhibitory effect and it neither augmented nor prolonged the antitussive effect of lignocaine. The subjective anaesthesia by lignocaine was short lasting (less than 15 minutes) and not altered by adrenaline, suggesting different sensory mechanisms for anaesthesia and cough suppression. Plasma concentrations of lignocaine were low (< 30 ng/ml), not altered by adrenaline, and did not correlate with the local anaesthetic or the antitussive effect. CONCLUSIONS--Lignocaine acts locally in the oropharynx and airways and adrenaline does not alter the effect or absorption of nebulised lignocaine on the human respiratory mucosa.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.