In a 12 month open study of itraconazole in pulmonary aspergilloma nine patients received oral itraconazole 200 mg daily for six months followed by further itraconazole or observation for a further six months. There was no change in the serum IgG specific for Aspergillus fumigatus (mean (SE) change -4% (10%)) or symptoms of chronic cough and haemoptysis. In two of the three patients who continued treatment beyond six months symptoms and radiographic appearances improved and a temporary reduction in A fumigatus specific IgG occurred in one patient. Further experience of the effects of longer treatment are needed before oral itraconazole can be recommended for aspergilloma.
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