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Management of pulmonary aspergilloma in the presence of active tuberculosis.
  1. A O Adeyemo,
  2. E O Odelowo,
  3. D I Makanjuola


    Eleven cases of pulmonary aspergilloma complicating active cavitating pulmonary tuberculosis are reviewed. Nine of the 10 patients who had combined medical (antituberculosis drugs) and surgical treatment were cured of their disease; one patient, who had bilateral multiple aspergillomas, died from massive haemoptysis after resection of one of the affected lobes. The only medically treated patient who refused surgery had fatal haemoptysis at home. Pulmonary resection is recommended for patients who are fit for operation whenever the diagnosis of aspergilloma is made because most published reports indicate that only a few patients benefit from drug treatment alone.

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