Endomyocardial fibrosis is a fatal disease of obscure aetiology which is notably prevalent in Uganda, Brazil, Kerala State in India, and certain other parts of the world. The main disability in the disease results from fibrotic obliteration of ventricular chambers and insufficiency of the mitral and tricuspid valves. The poor response to medical treatment and the bleak prognosis of the patients led to the introduction of endocardiectomy and replacement of the atrioventricular valves as a palliative procedure by Dubost and colleagues. The present report on the early results in 17 patients from Kerala State would support the continued use of this palliative procedure in endomyocardial fibrosis with severe disability.
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