Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Exponential analysis of lobar pressure-volume characteristics.
  1. N Berend,
  2. C Skoog,
  3. W M Thurlbeck


    In 19 excised left human lungs, seven of which were emphysema-free, lobar pressure-volume (P-V) characteristics were analysed by fitting to the P-V data an exponential of the form V=A-Be-KPL (where V is the volume at a transpulmonary pressure (PL), A is the theoretical lung volume at infinite PL, B is the difference between A and the intercept of the fitted exponential on the volume axis and K is a shape constant). In the emphysema-free lungs there was no difference in the B/A ratio expressed as a percentage, indicating an identical position of the P-V curves of the upper and lower lobes. However the upper lobes had significantly (p less than 0.025) higher values for K than the lower lobes indicating greater compliance. In 10 emphysematous lungs the upper lobes were more severely involved than the lower lobes. In these lungs the difference in K between upper and lower lobes had been abolished suggesting that the less emphysematous lower lobes had increased compliance relatively more than the upper lobes.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.