Table 7

Health and formal social care average costs at 90 days

Overall costsHAH, £ (SD)UC, £ (SD)Bootstrapped mean difference (£)Bootstrapped 95% CI* of cost difference
 Health and formal social care3857.8 (3199.6)4873.5 (5631.1)−1015.7−2735.5 to 644.8
 Healthcare3819.2 (3135.0)4755.8 (5525.4)−936.6−2645.4 to 709.9
 Oxygen therapy38.4 (68.4)18.3 (53.7)20.1−1.73 to 42.0
 Medication422.5 (275.2)458.9 (331.4)−36.4−150.1 to 75.7
Hospital costs
 Bed stay1540.8 (2000.7)2775.2 (4129.6)−1234.4−2524.8 to −82.0
 Inpatient healthcare review417.7 (399.1)514.3 (650.7)−96.7−288.4 to 96.4
 Laboratory and diagnostic tests375.1 (383.8)358.7 (422.4)16.4−128.1 to 169.1
 NIV costs44.4 (261.0)158.2 (436.2)−113.8−255.4 to 8.12
HAH costs
 HAH visits and travel time†383.9 (276.0)0.0 (0.0)383.9319.2 to 455.3
 Telephone calls costs5.8 (14.2)5.4 (10.8)0.5−3.57 to 5.33
Community costs
 Formal social care38.6 (173.1)117.7 (711.0)−79.0−299.2 to 55.2
 Home visits after discharge43.7 (87.7)39.2 (55.7)4.5−19.2 to 31.8
 A+E and outpatient appointments546.8 (347.5)427.6 (394.9)119.2−22.6 to 243.0
  • *The 95% CI in the table is two-sided (0.025 to 0.975), calculated with the bootstrap approach. For health and formal social care (the primary outcome), the one-sided 95% CI (0.95) was £312.

  • †55% of time on HAH visits was spent with the patient (45% on travel time).

  • A+E, accident and emergency; HAH, Hospital at Home; NIV, non-invasive ventilation; UC, usual care.