Table 1

Age-standardised characteristics of the Cohort of Swedish Men (n=44 335)

 Quintiles (Q) of total fruit and vegetable consumption (servings/day)
Q1Q2Q3Q4Q5
Total fruit and vegetable consumption, servings/day (median)<2.0 (1.4)2.0–2.9 (2.5)3.0–3.9 (3.4)4.0–5.2 (4.5)≥5.3 (6.6)
n88288846893188378893
Age, mean (SD)61.2 (9.9)60.1 (9.6)59.5 (9.7)59.7 (9.6)60.2 (9.6)
University education, %9.213.317.019.123.2
BMI, mean (SD)26.1 (3.6)25.9 (3.3)25.7 (3.2)25.7 (3.2)25.6 (3.3)
Total physical activity (MET×hour/day), mean (SD)41.5 (5.2)41.5 (4.9)41.5 (4.9)41.5 (4.8)41.7 (4.8)
Smoking status
 Current smokers, %34.825.722.220.618.5
 Ex-smokers, %34.739.039.738.940.2
 Never-smokers, %28.633.936.839.440.4
Alcohol consumption (g/day), mean (SD)9.0 (10.9)10.1 (9.9)10.6 (10.1)11.1 (10.0)11.3 (10.7)
Energy intake (kcal/day), mean (SD)2361 (790)2547 (756)2653 (782)2755 (760)3032 (901)
Modified RFS (scores), mean (SD)8.0 (2.9)9.8 (2.8)10.5 (2.9)11.1 (2.9)11.4 (3.0)
Non-RFS (scores), mean (SD)3.7 (1.4)3.9 (1.4)4.0 (1.5)4.1 (1.5)4.2 (1.8)
  • Age-standardised to the age distribution of the study population at baseline.

  • BMI, body mass index; MET, metabolic equivalent of energy expenditure (kcal/kg×hour); RFS, recommended food score.