Table 6 Non-fatal complications resulting from endovascular stent placement for malignant vena cava syndrome
StudyType of complicationsComplication rate
Chatziioannou91 stent migration1/18 (5%)
Marcy132 pulmonary oedema2/37 (5%)
Biedrager161 stent migration2/17 (11%)
1 cardiac arrhythmia
Greillier211 haemorrhage3/8 (37%)
2 thrombosis
Hennequin291 retroperitoneal haematoma1/15 (6%)
Tanigawa301 phlebitis1/23 (4%)
Tan312 stent migration3/11 (27%)
1 haemorrhage of femoral puncture
Furui324 stent migration4/16 (25%)
Gaines331 haemoptysis1/20 (5%)
Lopez-Muniz362 stent migration2/16 (12%)
Lanciego351 stent migration2/52 (3%)
2 poor positioning of stent
Nagata373 stent migration4/71 (5%)
1 pulmonary embolism
Kishi381 pulmonary oedema1/11 (9%)