Paediatric asthma hospitalisation trends in Finland and Sweden over the past 10 years are unclear. We investigated the incidence of paediatric asthma hospitalisations in both countries from 2005 to 2014, using Finland's National Hospital Discharge Register and Sweden's National Patient Register which cover all hospitalisations in the respective countries. During the study period, the incidence of paediatric asthma hospitalisations decreased by 51% in Finland, but remained stable in Sweden. In both countries, asthma hospitalisations decreased over time among children aged 0–4 years, with unclear trends for older ages. The reasons for these intercountry differences are unclear, thus warranting future research.
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Contributors JEK conceptualised and designed the study, designed the data collection instruments, carried out the analyses and drafted the initial manuscript, and approved the final manuscript as submitted. JLPP and AB conceptualised the study, designed the data collection instruments, reviewed and revised the manuscript, and approved the final manuscript as submitted. JK conceptualised the study, reviewed and revised the manuscript, and approved the final manuscript as submitted. MK conceptualised and designed the study, reviewed and revised the manuscript, and approved the final manuscript as submitted.
Funding The project received funding from Tampere TB Foundation, Väinö and Laina Kivi Foundation, The Finnish Society of Allergology and Immunology, The Research Foundation of the Pulmonary Diseases and Paulo Foundation.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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