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Audit, research and guideline update
The presence or severity of pulmonary hypertension does not affect outcomes for single-lung transplantation
  1. Walker A Julliard2,
  2. Keith C Meyer1,
  3. Nilto C De Oliveira1,
  4. Satoru Osaki1,
  5. Richard C Cornwell2,
  6. David A Sonetti2,
  7. James D Maloney1
  1. 1Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
  2. 2Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Keith C Meyer, Section of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53792, USA; kcm{at}medicine.wisc.edu

Abstract

Advanced lung disease (ALD) that requires lung transplantation (LTX) is frequently associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Whether the presence of PH significantly affects the outcomes following single-lung transplantation (SLT) remains controversial. Therefore, we retrospectively examined the outcomes of 279 consecutive SLT recipients transplanted at our centre, and the patients were split into four groups based on their mean pulmonary artery pressure values. Outcomes, including long-term survival and primary graft dysfunction, did not differ significantly for patients with versus without PH, even when PH was severe. We suggest that SLT can be performed safely in patients with ALD-associated PH.

  • Lung Transplantation
  • Thoracic Surgery

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