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Images in thorax
Congenital thoracic malformation
  1. Charles Sharp1,
  2. James Jackson2,
  3. George Hands3
  1. 1Respiratory Department, Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust, Exeter, UK
  2. 2Department of Imaging, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK
  3. 3Department of Respiratory Medicine, North Devon District Hospital, Barnstaple, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Charles Sharp, Respiratory Department, Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust, Barrack Road, Exeter EX2 5DW, UK; Charles.sharp{at}doctors.org.uk

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A 31-year-old man presented with recurrent chest pain. CT coronary arteriography (figure 1) demonstrated a well-defined area of hypertransradiancy at the left lung base supplied by a large artery arising from the thoracic aorta (figure 2) with no normal bronchial or pulmonary artery communication, but normal pulmonary venous drainage. The diagnosis is that of congenital bronchial atresia with a systemic artery supply (also termed intralobar sequestration).1

Figure 1

Axial CT section through the lung bases demonstrates a large well-defined area of hypertransradiancy at the left lung base.

Figure 2

CT maximum intensity projection in the axial plane image during the aortic phase of contrast medium enhancement demonstrates the large supplying vessel arising from the descending thoracic aorta.

Congenital pulmonary abnormalities are being detected increasingly frequently as incidental findings during cross-sectional imaging performed for other reasons. Management is usually conservative unless complicated by infection or haemoptysis.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors CS and GH conceived the article, JJ advised on image selection, CS wrote the text and all authors approved the final version. CS is guarantor of the content.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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