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Thorax doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2013-203224
  • Chest clinic
  • Images in thorax

Leonardo da Vinci and the first portrayal of pectus excavatum

  1. Hutan Ashrafian
  1. Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Hutan Ashrafian, The Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, 10th Floor QEQM-Building, Praed Street, London W2 1NY, UK; h.ashrafian{at}imperial.ac.uk
  • Received 6 January 2013
  • Revised 14 January 2013
  • Accepted 15 January 2013
  • Published Online First 6 February 2013

Studying one of Leonardo da Vinci's images from 1510, I note for the first time that there is an image of pectus excavatum (figure 1) in an …


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