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Gastro-oesophageal reflux and worse asthma control in obese children: a case of symptom misattribution?
  1. Jason E Lang1,
  2. Jobayer Hossain2,
  3. Janet T Holbrook3,
  4. W Gerald Teague4,
  5. Benjamin D Gold5,
  6. Robert A Wise6,
  7. John J Lima7
  1. 1Division of Pulmonary & Sleep Medicine, Nemours Children's Hospital, Orlando, Florida, USA
  2. 2Department of Biomedical Research, Center for Pediatric Research, Alfred I. DuPont Hospital of Children, Wilmington, Delaware, USA
  3. 3Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
  4. 4Division of Pediatric Respiratory Medicine & Allergy, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
  5. 5GI Care for Kids, Children's Center for Digestive Healthcare, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
  6. 6Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
  7. 7Center for Pharmacogenomics & Translational Research, Nemours Children's Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida, USA
  1. Correspondence to Professor Jason E Lang, Division of Pulmonary & Sleep Medicine, Nemours Children's Hospital, 13535 Nemours Parkway, Orlando, FL 32827, USA; jason.lang{at}nemours.org

Abstract

Background Obese children for unknown reasons report greater asthma symptoms. Asthma and obesity both independently associate with gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms (GORS). Determining if obesity affects the link between GORS and asthma will help elucidate the obese-asthma phenotype.

Objective Extend our previous work to determine the degree of associations between the GORS and asthma phenotype.

Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study of lean (20%–65% body mass index, BMI) and obese (≥95% BMI) children aged 10–17 years old with persistent, early-onset asthma. Participants contributed demographics, GORS and asthma questionnaires and lung function data. We determined associations between weight status, GORS and asthma outcomes using multivariable linear and logistic regression. Findings were replicated in a second well-characterised cohort of asthmatic children.

Results Obese children had seven times higher odds of reporting multiple GORS (OR=7.7, 95% CI 1.9 to 31.0, interaction p value=.004). Asthma symptoms were closely associated with GORS scores in obese patients (r=0.815, p<0.0001) but not in leans (r=0.291, p=0.200; interaction p value=0.003). Higher GORS scores associated with higher FEV1-per cent predicted (p=0.003), lower airway resistance (R10, p=0.025), improved airway reactance (X10, p=0.005) but significantly worse asthma control (Asthma Control Questionnaire, p=0.007). A significant but weaker association between GORS and asthma symptoms was seen in leans compared with obese in the replicate cohort.

Conclusion GORS are more likely to associate with asthma symptoms in obese children. Better lung function among children reporting gastro-oesophageal reflux and asthma symptoms suggests that misattribution of GORS to asthma may be a contributing mechanism to excess asthma symptoms in obese children.

  • Asthma
  • Asthma Epidemiology
  • Asthma Mechanisms
  • Paediatric asthma
  • Perception of Asthma/Breathlessness

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