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M21 Comparison of the effect of a ventilation multidisciplinary meeting on utilisation of critical care resources
  1. A Bishopp1,
  2. N Santana-Vaz1,
  3. B Beauchamp1,
  4. B Chakraborty2,
  5. G Raghuraman1,
  6. R Mukherjee1
  1. 1Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham, UK
  2. 2School of Mathematics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK

Abstract

Introduction and objectives Optimal utilisation of critical care resources requires timely discharge of patients from critical care to appropriate wards. This represents a challenging and high risk transition. Local audits revealed that a few multimorbid patients with difficult respiratory weans accounted for 30% of critical care bed days. A weekly ventilation multidisciplinary team (VMDT) meeting combining respiratory and critical care expertise was established at a 692-bed hospital to improve management and resource use for this patient group. The effect was compared to a 2nd hospital within the same trust without VMDT.

Method A retrospective comparison of 6 month periods before (period 1: 1/10/07–31/3/08) and after (period 2: 1/10/12–31/3/13) introducing VMDT was carried out using data collected for Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre. The same data was collected for a sister hospital, belonging to the same trust, without VMDT. The numbers of discharges to a respiratory ward with non- invasive ventilation (NIV) facilities were compared with Chi-Square test. The numbers of level 1 critical care bed days were compared with T test.

Results In period 1, hospital 1 discharged 458 patients from critical care and hospital 2 discharged 456. In period 2 these figures were 494 (p = 0.30) and 495 (p = 0.84) respectively. There was no change to background parameters. The number of discharges to respiratory ward with NIV facilities increased significantly in hospital 1 (36 to 65, p = 0,011) after VMDT. Whilst the number of patients discharged to respiratory ward increased in hospital 2 this was not significant (9 to 19, p = 0.13). The number of level 1 bed days fell significantly (208 to 18, p < 0.0000000001) in hospital 1. Hospital 2 saw an increase in level 1 days over the same period.

Conclusion Introduction of VMDT increased the proportion of respiratory patients discharged to a respiratory ward from critical care and reduced level one bed days in hospital 1 by expediting the discharge of complex respiratory wean patients thereby increasing patient flow and liberating critical care resources. The same reduction was not observed in the hospital 2 suggesting this effect was not due to trust wide changes in critical care practice.

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