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S131 Iron chelation reduces lung cancer proliferation in vitro
  1. J Kay,
  2. G McNab,
  3. P Newby,
  4. M Bedford,
  5. A Turner
  1. University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Abstract

Introduction There is growing evidence that iron plays an important role within the lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. As a result of this, iron homeostasis has potential as a new avenue for targeting and treatment of lung cancer. In this study, the effect of iron loading on cellular proliferation and iron homeostasis gene expression was investigated. In addition, the effect of the chelator deferasirox on cellular iron levels and proliferation rates was studied.

Methods Cellular proliferation was assessed by the BrdU assay and cellular iron levels were assessed using the ferrozine assay. Manipulation of IREB2 gene expression was achieved using short interfering RNA (siRNA) and subsequent expression of this and other iron homeostasis genes was assessed using real time PCR. All experiments were carried out on both the A549 adenocarcinoma and QG56 squamous cell carcinoma cell lines in triplicate. Primary bronchial epithelia cells (PBEC) were used as reference of normal behaviour.

Results A dose of 150uM of iron was seen to cause a significant increase in proliferation in both the A549 (50% increase) and QG56 (40% increase) cell lines (P = 0.002 and 0.03 respectively) whilst no change was seen in the PBECs. A corresponding increase in cellular iron was also seen.When the cancer cell lines were treated with deferasirox, cellular iron loading decreased by roughly 25% in each cell line (P = 0.001 and 0.01 respectively) and cellular proliferation decreased below levels seen in unstimulated cells. Deferasirox was also seen to effect unstimulated cancer cells, reducing their proliferation by 50% (P = 0.02 and 0.03 respectively).

Conclusion Iron exposure was shown to have a significant effect on cellular proliferation within lung cancer cell lines, although the underlying mechanism is not yet fully understood. This iron mediated cellular proliferation could be reversed using the chelator deferasirox. Down-regulated expression of IREB2 may cause the cancer cell lines to exhibit similar behaviour to the PBECs when stimulated with iron. These finding show that iron may provide a potential new target and deferasirox a potential new therapeutic agent for lung cancer.

Abstract S131 Figure 1.

The dotted line shows that the increasing concentration of FeSO4 has a statistically significant effect at l00µM (M= 1.33, SD = 0.19 P= 0.04), however, l50µM shows an even more significant increase in proliferation (M= 1.59, SD= 0.12, P= 0.002). A dose of 200µM of FeSO4 shows a return to base line and no significant difference in cellular proliferation. The solid line shows that deferasirox causes a decrease in proliferation when applied to cells after incubation with 150 µM of FeSO4. This is statistically significant at 50 (M= 0.86, SD= 0.03, P= 0.04), 150 (M= 0.62, SD= 0.08, P= 0.01) and 200µM (M= 0.60, SD= 0.08, P= 0.0004) of deferasirox and the greater the dose of deferasirox, the greater the decrease in proliferation. The dashed line indicates the effects of FeSO4 incubation on PBECS. There is no statistical significance seen in proliferation rates for any concentration of FeSo4.

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