Article Text

PDF

M22 The Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease assessment tool (CAT) in patients admitted to hospital for exacerbation
  1. KH Hoyles1,
  2. AS Sheehan2,
  3. DLF Forrester2,
  4. SJJ Johnson2,
  5. AJK Knox2,
  6. CEB Bolton2
  1. 1Respiratory Medicine, Nottingham University Hospital Trust, Nottingham, England
  2. 2Nottingham Respiratory Research Unit (NRRU), University of Nottingham, City Hospital Campus, Nottingham, England

Abstract

Background The COPD assessment tool (CAT) measures health status1 and is responsive to change with pulmonary rehabilitation2 and out-patient exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD)3. This study established i) CAT score at AECOPD hospital admission, ii) change during recovery and iii) CAT in relation to other outcome measures of COPD severity at stability.

Methods Consenting patients presenting to hospital with a clinical diagnosis of AECOPD self-completed the CAT and answered detailed history. Length of stay (LOS) was recorded. At four week follow-up assessment, the CAT score, MRC dyspnoea score, spirometry and six-minute walking distance (6MWD) were measured.

Results Of 153 patients recruited at admission, there were 5 in-patient deaths, all with a high (>20) CAT on admission. Median LOS per admission CAT category was CAT10–20: 2.5 days; CAT21–30: 4 days; CAT31–40: 5 days.

89 subjects were reassessed at 4 weeks and 72 had a clinical diagnosis of COPD confirmed, Table 1. In these subjects, the mean (95%CI) change in CAT score from admission was -7(-9, -5), p < 0.001. Whilst 61/72 had a high CAT score on admission, there remained 39/72 with high score at follow-up. CAT score at follow-up was related to 6MWD, r = 0.34, p < 0.01 but not to age or forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)% predicted.

Abstract M22 Table 1.

Results for the 72 patients with confirmed COPD.

Conclusion Despite marked improvement in CAT score with recovery from an AECOPD requiring hospital admission, a large proportion persist with high CAT scores at 4 weeks indicating poor health status. The CAT score offers prognostic information and adds another dimension to the COPD assessment.

References

  1. Jones PW et al. ERJ 2009;34(3):648–54

  2. Dodd JW et al. Thorax 2011; 66(5) :425–9

  3. Mackay AJ et al. AJRCCM 2012;185(11):1218–24

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.