Introduction A simple training device (In-Check Flo-Tone®) has been developed to teach pMDI users when and how to actuate their inhaler via the sounding of an inspiratory flow whistle. Samples of the device plus instructions were made available to UK healthcare professionals who were invited, from April 2013, to take part in a short questionnaire survey. The objective was to assess the effect of the Flo-Tone device on pMDI technique.
Method Patient details (age, sex, asthma/COPD diagnosis and spacer use) were recorded. Four assessments were made by the healthcare professionals concerning the patients’ ability to: Q1 - generate an appropriate flow rate; Q2 - press the can during the early part of the inspiration; Q3 - maintain adequate inspiratory flow after pressing the can; and Q4 - an overall assessment of pMDI technique. Ability was graded Poor, Average or Good on each occasion. Assessments were made before and after Flo-Tone training, and changes in technique were determined from the responses. A sign-test for improvement was carried out on those not already assessed as Good.
Results To date, 27 assessments of pMDI users have been received: 15 male and 12 female, age range 11–90 years (mean 51 years) with recorded diagnoses of asthma (n = 17) and COPD (n = 7). Four were spacer-users. The shift table (Table 1) shows the categorical changes before and after training. Following training, 19 users had improved their overall technique and 7 remained at the pre-training level (Q4); 20 had improved their ability to maintain an adequate flow and 6 remained at the pre-training level (Q3). Data for Q1 and Q2 were 15 and 12, and 8 and 18 users, respectively. The single loss of technique was an 83 year-old combined asthma/COPD patient. Analysis of those users not already rated as Good showed statistically significant improvements (P < 0.05) for Questions 1, 3 and 4.