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Daily physical activity in subjects with newly diagnosed COPD
  1. Hans Van Remoortel1,2,
  2. Miek Hornikx1,2,
  3. Heleen Demeyer1,2,
  4. Daniel Langer1,2,
  5. Chris Burtin1,2,
  6. Marc Decramer2,
  7. Rik Gosselink1,2,
  8. Wim Janssens2,
  9. Thierry Troosters1,2
  1. 1Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
  2. 2Respiratory Division and Rehabilitation, UZ Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium
  1. Correspondence to Dr Thierry Troosters, Respiratory Rehabilitation and Respiratory Division, UZ Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49 bus 706, Onderwijs & Navorsing I, Labo Pneumologie, Leuven B-3000, Belgium; thierry.troosters{at}med.kuleuven.be

Abstract

Rationale Information about daily physical activity levels (PAL) in subjects with undiagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is scarce. This study aims to assess PA and to investigate the associations between PA and clinical characteristics in subjects with newly diagnosed COPD.

Methods Fifty-nine subjects with a new spirometry-based diagnosis of mild (n=38) and moderate (n=21) COPD (63±6 years, 68% male) were matched with 65 smoking controls (62±7 years, 75% male). PA (daily steps, time spent in moderate-to-vigorous intense physical activities (MVPA) and PAL) was measured by accelerometry. Dyspnoea, complete pulmonary function tests, peripheral muscle strength and exercise capacity served as clinical characteristics.

Results PA was significantly lower in COPD versus smoking controls (7986±2648 vs 9765±3078 steps, 64 (27–120) vs 110 (55–164) min of MVPA, 1.49±0.21 vs 1.62±0.24 PAL respectively, all p<0.05). Subjects with COPD with either mild symptoms of dyspnoea (mMRC 1), those with lower diffusion capacity (TL,co), low 6 min walking distance (6MWD) or low maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 peak) had significantly lower PA. Multiple regression analysis identified 6 MWD and TL,co as independent predictors of PA in COPD.

Conclusions The reduction in PA starts early in the disease, even when subjects are not yet diagnosed with COPD. Inactivity is more pronounced in subjects with mild symptoms of dyspnoea, lower levels of diffusion capacity and exercise capacity.

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 3.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

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