Article Text

PDF

Generalised maculopapular rash and multiple nodular pulmonary lesions in an HIV-infected man
  1. L Meroni,
  2. S Trovati,
  3. S Antinori
  1. Department of Clinical Sciences, Luigi Sacco Hospital, Section of Infectious Diseases and Immunopathology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
  1. Dr L Meroni, Department of Clinical Sciences, Luigi Sacco Hospital, Section of Infectious Diseases and Immunopathology, University of Milan, Milan 20157, Italy; luca.meroni{at}unimi.it

Statistics from Altmetric.com

CLINICAL PRESENTATION

A 41-year-old heterosexual man with a recently diagnosed HIV infection was admitted to our department complaining of a 5-month history of malaise, non-productive cough and a weight loss of 8 kg. He was a non-intravenous drug user.

On physical examination he had a generalised maculopapular rash which was more prominent on the trunk and arms and included the palms and soles (fig 1). Physical examination of the heart, lungs and abdomen was normal. The CD4 count was 176 cells/μl and the plasma HIV-RNA was 4.3 log copies/ml. The results of blood screening laboratory tests were normal.

Figure 1 Generalised cutaneous eruption with maculopapular lesions.

Chest radiography showed multiple bibasilar pulmonary nodules while a CT scan of the lungs showed a wide area of increased density with irregular margins located in the right inferior pulmonary lobe (fig 2). A tuberculin skin test was negative.

Figure 2 Chest CT scan showing a wide lesion with irregular margins in the right inferior pulmonary lobe. Multiple bibasilar smaller lesions are also visible.

Cytological examinations of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid did not show malignant cells. Gram, PAS, Ziehel-Neelsen and Warthin-Starry stains of specimens from lung brushing and transbronchial biopsy did not reveal infectious agents. Cultures of BAL fluid specimens for standard bacteria, mycobacteria and fungi were negative. Repeated haemocultures performed in the absence of concomitant antimicrobial therapy yielded negative results. A CT-guided transthoracic biopsy of the largest lung lesion showed an inflammatory infiltrate with numerous lymphocytes, granulocytes and histiocytes, without evidence of malignancy, fungal or mycobacterial infections.

QUESTIONS

What further analyses might be helpful? What is your diagnosis?

See page 173

This case was submitted by:

View Abstract

Footnotes

  • Competing interests: None.

  • Patient consent: Obtained.

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Linked Articles

  • Airwaves
    Wisia Wedzicha
  • Pulmonary puzzle
    BMJ Publishing Group Ltd and British Thoracic Society