Control and prevention of tuberculosis in the United Kingdom: Code of Practice 2000
- Joint Tuberculosis Committee of the British Thoracic Society*
- Professor L P Ormerod, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Blackburn Royal Infirmary, Blackburn BB2 3LR, UK
- Received 2 April 2000
- Revision requested 20 June 2000
- Revised 27 July 2000
- Accepted 22 August 2000
BACKGROUND The guidelines on control and prevention of tuberculosis in the United Kingdom have been reviewed and updated.
METHODS A subcommittee was appointed by the Joint Tuberculosis Committee (JTC) of the British Thoracic Society to revise the guidelines published in 1994 by the JTC, including representatives of the Royal College of Nursing, Public Health Medicine Environmental Group, and Medical Society for Study of Venereal Diseases. In preparing the revised guidelines the authors took account of new published evidence and graded the strength of evidence for their recommendations. The guidelines have been approved by the JTC and the Standards of Care Committee of the British Thoracic Society.
RECOMMENDATIONS Tuberculosis services in each district should have staffing and resources to fulfil both the control and prevention recommendations in this document and to ensure adequate treatment monitoring. Notification of tuberculosis is required for surveillance and to initiate contact tracing (where appropriate). The following areas are discussed and recommendations made where appropriate: (1) public health law in relation to tuberculosis; (2) the organisational requirements for tuberculosis services; (3) measures for control of tuberculosis in hospitals, including segregation of patients; (4) the requirements for health care worker protection, including HIV infected health care workers; (5) measures for control of tuberculosis in prisons; (6) protection for other groups with potential exposure to tuberculosis; (7) awareness of the high rates of tuberculosis in the homeless together with local plans for detection and action; (8) detailed advice on contact tracing; (9) contact tracing required for close contacts of bovine tuberculosis; (10) management of tuberculosis in schools; (11) screening of new immigrants and how this should be performed; (12) outbreak contingency investigation; and (13) BCG vaccination and the management of positive reactors found in the schools programme.
↵* Subcommittee comprising Peter Ormerod, Royal Infirmary Blackburn (Chairman, Joint Tuberculosis Committee); Craig Skinner, Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham; John Moore-Gillon, St Bartholomew's and The Royal London Hospitals, London; Peter Davies, Aintree University Hospital, Liverpool; Mary Connolly, Chest Clinic, Birmingham (representing Royal College of Nursing Tuberculosis Special Interest Group); Virginia Gleissberg, Chest Clinic, Newham, London (representing Royal College of Nursing Tuberculosis Special Interest Group); John Watson, Public Health Laboratory Service Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London (representing Faculty of Public Health Medicine); Anton Pozniak, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London (representing Medical Society for the Study of Venereal Diseases); Ruth Gelletlie, Bradford (representing the Public Health Medicine Environmental Group); Ann Cockcroft, Occupational Medicine Department, Royal Free Hospital, London (co-opted); Francis Drobniewski, Director PHLS Mycobacterium Reference Unit, London (co-opted); Jane Leese, Department of Health, London.