Article Text

PDF

Randomised controlled trial of weightlifting exercise in patients with chronic airflow limitation.
  1. K Simpson,
  2. K Killian,
  3. N McCartney,
  4. D G Stubbing,
  5. N L Jones
  1. Cardiorespiratory Unit, McMaster University Medical Centre, Hamilton, Canada.

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND PATIENTS: with chronic airflow obstruction are often limited by muscle fatigue and weakness. As exercise rehabilitation programmes have produced modest improvements at best a study was designed to determine whether specific muscle training techniques are helpful. METHODS: Thirty four patients with chronic airflow limitation (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) 38% of predicted values) were stratified for FEV1 to vital capacity (VC) ratio less than 40% and arterial oxygen desaturation during exercise and randomised to a control or weightlifting training group. In the experimental group training was prescribed for upper and lower limb muscles as a percentage of the maximum weight that could be lifted once only. It was carried out three times a week for eight weeks. RESULTS: Three subjects dropped out of each group; results in the remaining 14 patients in each group were analysed. Adherence in the training group was 90%. In the trained subjects muscle strength and endurance time during cycling at 80% of maximum power output increased by 73% from 518 (SE69) to 898 (95) s, with control subjects showing no change (506 (86) s before training and 479 (89) s after training). No significant changes in maximum cycle ergometer exercise capacity or distance walked in six minutes were found in either group. Responses to a chronic respiratory questionnaire showed significant improvements in dyspnoea and mastery of daily living activities in the trained group. CONCLUSIONS: Weightlifting training may be successfully used in patients with chronic airflow limitation, with benefits in muscle strength, exercise endurance, and subjective responses to some of the demands of daily living.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.