Article Text

PDF

Spontaneous hypoglycaemia due to a pleural fibroma: role of insulin like growth factors.
  1. E A Masson,
  2. I A MacFarlane,
  3. D Graham,
  4. P Foy
  1. Department of Medicine, University of Liverpool.

    Abstract

    A 64 year old woman with a long history of "drop attacks" and dizzy spells was found to have spontaneous hypoglycaemia. A slowly enlarging pleural mass had been present for at least five years. At thoracotomy the mass (weight 1.7 kg) was excised and the hypoglycaemia ceased. Histologically the tumour was a pleural fibroma, with no features of malignancy. Endocrine tests before surgery showed a subnormal growth hormone response to spontaneous hypoglycaemia, a reduced concentration of serum insulin like growth factor I (IGF-I), and an inappropriately high concentration of serum insulin like growth factor II (IGF-II). After resection of the tumour the growth hormone response to insulin induced hypoglycaemia and the IGF-I and IGF-II concentrations were normal. These data suggest that the hypoglycaemia was due to production of IGF-II by the tumour, causing increased glucose utilisation and an impaired growth hormone counterregulatory response to hypoglycaemia.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.