The effect of a selective thromboxane synthetase inhibitor, OKY-046, and a selective 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, AA-861, on bronchial responsiveness to acetylcholine was studied in 23 asthmatic subjects. The provocative concentration of acetylcholine producing a 20% fall in forced expiratory volume in one second (PC20 FEV1) was measured before and after oral administration of OKY-046 (3000 mg over four days) and AA-861 (1100 mg over four days) and inhalation of OKY-046 (30 mg) in 10, 10, and nine asthmatic subjects respectively. Baseline values of FEV1 and forced vital capacity (FVC) were not altered by oral OKY-046, oral AA-861, or inhaled OKY-046. The geometric mean value of PC20 FEV1 increased significantly from 0.55 to 2.24 mg/ml after oral OKY-046, but was unchanged after inhalation of OKY-046 and after oral administration of AA-861. These results suggest that thromboxane A2 may play a part in bronchial hyperresponsiveness to acetylcholine.
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