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Jaundice after open heart surgery: a prospective study.
  1. C M Chu,
  2. C H Chang,
  3. Y F Liaw,
  4. M J Hsieh

    Abstract

    One hundred and fifty four consecutive adult patients having cardiac surgery for a variety of cardiac lesions were evaluated prospectively for postoperative jaundice, those with a raised preoperative serum bilirubin concentration (greater than 34 mumol/l or 2 mg/100 ml) being excluded. The incidence of early postoperative jaundice, as defined by a serum bilirubin concentration of 50 mumol/l (3.0 mg/100 ml) or greater, was 23.4%. The jaundice was mild (bilirubin concentration 51-100 mumol/l (3.0-6.0 mg/100 ml] in 26 patients (16.9%) and moderate to severe (greater than 100 mumol/l (6.0 mg/100 ml] in 10 patients (6.5%). Important contributing factors were the preoperative severity of right heart failure (raised right atrial pressure at heart catheterisation) and hypotension or hypoxaemia and the amount of blood transfused during or shortly after surgery. Age, sex, underlying cardiac lesion, whether halothane was used, operative procedure, duration of cardiopulmonary bypass, and presence or absence of hepatitis B surface antigen were not predictive of postoperative jaundice.

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