Fungal endocarditis is an uncommon but important problem after cardiac surgery. Two cases of fungal endocarditis after homograft valve replacement are reported. In both patients prolonged periods of antifungal chemotherapy with apparently satisfactory clinical responses ultimately failed to eradicate the infection. Both patients remain free of infection two years after excision of the infected valves and further chemotherapy. The value of serial estimations of fungal antibody titres in diagnosis and treatment is demonstrated and the necessity for early operation is emphasised.
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