In a 20-year period (1958-77) 43 patients underwent combined pulmonary and chest wall resection for bronchial carcinoma with local invasion of the thoracic wall. The clinical data, symptoms, surgical procedures, pathology, and results are reviewed. Pain was the usual presenting symptom. The operative mortality was 16%, respiratory complications causing most of the postoperative morbidity and mortality. These complications were less common after pneumonectomy. Long-term survival was achieved in only three cases with a corrected three-year survival rate of 10%. The survivors had certain pathological and operative features in common that may have prognostic significance. Recurrent carcinoma was responsible for most late deaths. Despite the poor overall prognosis, surgical management provided reasonable palliation and occasionally resulted in prolonged disease-free survival.
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