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Mechanisms of the bronchoconstrictor effects of deep inspiration in asthmatic patients.
  1. P Gayrard,
  2. J Orehek,
  3. C Grimaud,
  4. J Charpin

    Abstract

    A single deep inspiration (DI) is commonly followed by transient airflow obstruction in asthmatic patients. In some patients, however, DI results in a sustained response which suggests that more than one mechanism may be responsible. We have studied the characteristics of the response to repeated DI, and their modificatiion by various pharmacological agents, by measuring specific airway resistance (sRaw) in ten subjects who showed reproducible and consistent increases in sRaw after DI. Two types of reaction were observed: type A (n = 8) had an immediate maximum and usually short persistence; type B (n = 2) had a delayed maximum with a progressive increase. In type A reactions repetition of DI showed different patterns of response--either a reproducible reaction to each DI or a plateau effect. In type B reactions the response spontaneously increased with repeated DI. Type A responses to DI were inhibited completely by a beta-adrenergic stimulant (BAS), largely by an anticholinergic drug (AC, ipratropium bromide), but in no case by disodium cromoglycate (DSCG). Type B responses were inhibited completely by BAS, largely by DSCG, and partially by AC. These findings suggest that the response to DI is due to bronchoconstriction, which in type A reactions is of reflex origin, vagally mediated, and is due in part or wholly to mediator-release in type B reactions.

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