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Effect of hypothermia on lung compliance
  1. Cedric W. Deal,
  2. John C. Warden,
  3. Ian Monk
  1. Unit of Clinical Investigation and Wellcome Laboratory, Royal North Shore Hospital, Crows Nest, Sydney, Australia, 2065

    Abstract

    The changes in pulmonary compliance have been studied under conditions of total body hypothermia. Five groups of sheep were used; two groups were controls—one for the effects of anaesthesia and the other for normothermic biventricular bypass. The third group was cooled using a femoro-femoral arterio-venous shunt to 20°-23° C. The fourth group was cooled to 15° C. and rewarmed using the Drew technique. The excised lungs of the remaining sheep were studied at 37° and 15° C. (fifth group). The controls showed little change in compliance. The cooled animals showed a decrease in compliance. In the group subjected to hypothermia by the Drew technique, the rewarming phase initially brought a return towards normal compliance. As the temperature rose to 24°-30° C. the improvement in compliance ceased and thereafter compliance decreased for two hours after rewarming. Histologically the lungs were normal. There was no compliance change caused by cooling the excised lungs.

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